Ethnic Cleansing in the Balkans
On 11 July 1995 the Serb-Bosnian troops led by general Ratko Mladic entered Srebrenica, killing 8372 Muslim men and boys. Twenty years later, the massacre still divided the countries in the region.
The Director of Gariwo Sarajevo Svetlana Broz tells about the celebrations of European Day of the Righteous in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Here, a big annual ceremony is planned for bestowment of Dusko Kondor Award on people who stood out for or affirmed civil courage in the former Yugoslavia.
The Netherlands will turn into a museum the factory that from 1993 to 1995 hosted the Dutchbat, the batallion of Dutch blue helmets which ought to have protected the Muslim enclave of Srebrenica. For the first time the testimonies of the Dutch soldiers will be gathered by an institution, but survivors fear the project can lead to a rehabilitation of their role during the war in Bosnia.
The Website of the International Criminal Court for the former Yugoslavia hosts the drawings of kids about justice and the restoration of civil coexistence.
In 1993 Srdjan Aleksic lost his life defending a Muslim man from a group of Serbian soldiers. Belgrade has just named a street after him in honor of his heroic actions and in 2010 Gariwo Sarajevo awarded him the prize of Dusko Konder for his civil courage.
The first census since 1991 is being taken in Bosnia and will show the new face of Bosnia, taking into account all of its major and minor ethnic groups.
in the former Yugoslavia
The federal Yugoslavia was formed by six republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia) and two autonomous regions united to Serbia (Kosovo and Vojvodina). As Tito died in 1980, there was a breakout of political tensions which resulted in the civil war between the different republics that formed the federal State.
From 1990 to 1999, with a precedent in 1989, when Serbia opposed Kosovo independence, the clashing forces used repeatedly ethnic cleansing in order to prevail. The data on the breadth of the mass murder are still provisional: the continuous discovery of mass graves makes it difficult to estimate it. Certain massacres, like the Srebrenica Massacre in 1995 in which the Serbs killed nearly 8000 Bosniak men and assaulted the remaining women, are historically infamous and provoked an international response.. The genocides were far from one sided, as most sides in the conflict attempted to eradicate the other through ethnic cleansing. These brutal attempts of homogenizing the country were inspired by extreme nationalism. The destabilization in the face of Tito's death provoked each ethnicity to vie for total control of the territory and ethnic purity. The ensuing Yugoslav Wars where characterized by this type of violent ethnic conflict and consequently this series of conflicts is known as the bloodiest conflict in Europe since World War 2. By 1995, nearly 100,000 people had been killed during this genocide.