In Turkey the attempt to meld democracy and Islam failed since Turks were not ready to deepen democracy and Europe gave no support to face Erdoğan's authoritarian turn. But the problem is to cut the linkage between religion and State, Turkish political analyst Cengiz Aktar, guest at Internazionale a Ferrara Festival, said.
In 2012, in a Mali controlled by the jihadists of Al Qaeda, Adbel Kader Haiara organized a rescue operation of the manuscripts that were the treasures of Timbuktu, managing to move them - also using the funds of his study grant - to the capital Bamako.
Lam Wing-Kee successfully sells books exposing, sometimes fictitiously, other times a bit less, the scandals and behind-the-scene actions of Chinese politics. In Beijing this was not appreciated and arrests, torture and jailing poured.
For the first time, the International Criminal Court has issued a verdict on the crime of disruption of the cultural heritage. Ahmad al-Mahdi, member of a Jihadist group tied to Al Qaed in Mali, was in facts sentenced to 9 years in jail for destroying the sanctuaries of Timbuctu during the conflict begun in 2012.
Diyarbakir Bar Association, an institution struggling for human rights in Turkey, and Theresa Kachindamoto, a tribe chief from Malawi fighting against child marriages and for children's right to education, won the International Hrant Dink Award 2016.
Editorial by Gabriele Nissim
Which arguments could we use in a cultural battle against Islamist terrorists? How to deprive them of their influence on the gray area of the Muslim world? How a book by Algerian writer Yasmina Khadra can lead to a change in mentality about terrorism.
Persecutions, torture, massacres
the violation of human rights
Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, approved in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948, states: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood".The day before the General Assembly itself had approved in New York the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which was defined as the intentional destruction, as a whole or in part, of"a national, ethnical, racial or religious group", with the well-known exclusion of the political groups due to the opposition of the Eastern Bloc countries, which feared being charged for persecuting their foes (the so-called enemies of the people who were condemned to forced labour in the Gulag camps).