Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Gariwo International Scientific Committee

the intellectuals committed to the Righteous subject

Gariwo, the Gardens of the Righteous has been committed for over 10 years to increase the interest in the Righteous subject by stimulating the historical research and the theoretical in-depth studies relating to the history of the Twentieth century and the genocides still being perpetrated in the world, and by promoting the creation of Gardens of the Righteous.

We introduce you to the members of our International Scientific Committee who through their work help stimulate and enrich the debate on the Righteous by identifying deepening tools, offering reflections, and suggesting significant figures, also not very well known, which we can develop our research and popularization activity on. 


•Avraham Burg
Israeli politician and essayist. President emeritus of the Knesset, he has been the President of the Jewish Agency and the World's Zionist Movement

as well as the Vicepresident of the World's Jewish Congress and among the founders of the pacifist movement Peace Now. He has written many articles and books including Defeating Hitler.

• Dario Carella 
Rai journalist, he is the curator of RegionEuropa, the news weekly european program which describes the relation between local Italian territories, their institutions and European institutions - European Parliament, Commission and the regional Committee.

•Antonio Ferrari

Journalist, editorialist, and special correspondent of the "Corriere della Sera", he has been committed for 26 years to cover the Middle East by following the Israeli-Palestinian issue, the wars in Iraq, the difficult balances in Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.

He wrote several books including Sami, una storia libanese, ---Islam sì, Islam no – Le colpe dei musulmani e le nostre-- and he edited the book ---Ebrei di Salonicco - 1943-- with Jannis Chrisafis and Alessandra Coppola.

•Luca Degani
Lawyer, professor of "Law of the public administrations and the non-profit organizations" and of "Social law and legislation", he wrote many books and articles on the non-profit organizations and social policies.

He is the Director General of the "Sacra Famiglia" (Sacred Family) Foundation. He has been a consultant to the UNEBA and a member of the board of directors of the "Caritas" Foundation for 10 years.

• Adriano Dell'Asta
Professor of Russian language and literature at the Università Cattolica of Brescia and Milan. Vicepresident of the Fondazione Russia Cristiana (Christian Russia Foundation), he is a member of the International Scientific Committee of the magazine «La Nuova Europa».

He is a member of the Committee of Consultants of the international theological review "Communio" and of the magazine of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, "Humanitas". In his research activity he particularly deepened some core issues of the Russian culture in the  XIX and XX Centuries

Konstanty Gebert
Journalist and Jewish activist from Poland, he is one of the most important war reporters of various Polish dailies. In 1978 he was one of the main organizers of the so-called Flying university, a secret high education institution teaching the people on various subjects forbidden by the Polish Communist regime. In 1980 he joined the Solidarnosc Union.

In 1989 he was one of the journalists accredited to the Polish Roundtable. Since 1990 he has been a member of the Polish Christian-Jewish Council. Since 1992 he has worked for "Gazeta Wyborcza", one of the greatest and more significant Polish dailies. For this newspaper he has been a correspondent during the war in Yugoslavia. In 1992 and 1993 he was also a consultant to Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the first Polish Head of government after the fall of the Wall and Special rapporteur of the UN Human Rights Commission for former Yugoslavia. In 1997 he also ran the Jewish-Polish monthly “Midrasz”.

•Agnes Grunwald-Spier
Holocaust survivor, author of The other Schindlers, Trustee of the Holocaust Memorial Day Board of the United Kingdom

• Raymond Kevorkian
French historian of Armenian descent, he is Project Manager at the Université Paris VIII, Saint-Denis, Institut Francais de Géopolitique, and Managing Director of the Nubar UGAB library in Paris.

He recently published the following essays: Le Génocide des Arméniens, Paris Odile Jacob 2006; L’opposition de fonctionnaires ottomans au génocide des Armeniens. Approche comparéè des villes turques, in Jacques Sémelin, Actes du colloque de l’Istitut de Sciences Politique, Paris Les Presses des Editions de Sciences PO, 2008, and he compiled the entry “Le Genocide des Arméniens” of the Encyclopédie Universalis, 2006.

• Arrigo Levi
Personal advisor to the President of the Italian Republic, journalist and writer. He was jailed during Peron's dictatorship in Argentina in  1945.

He has been an editorialist of the "Corriere della Sera", director of "La Stamp"a, columnist of "Newsweek" and "The Times". He authored numerous tv programmes for Rai and Canale 5. He has written many essays among which Il comunismo da Budapest a Praga (Communism from Budapest to Prague), 1969, Russia del Novecento - Una storia europea (Twentieth Century Russia - a European story), 1999 , Da Livorno al Quirinale(From Livorno to the Quirinale palace), 2010.

• Riccardo Noury
Spokesperson of Amnesty International Italia, the Italian branch of the NGO devoted to Human Rights, to which he has belonged since 1980. He authored and curated books about violations of human rights, particularly about death penalty and torture, like Non sopportiamo la tortura (Rizzoli Libri Illustrati, 2001), Poesie da Guantánamo (Edizioni Gruppo Abele, 2007), Unerrorecapitale (Edizioni Cultura della Pace, 1999). He wrote with Luca Leone Srebrenica. La Giustizia negata (Infinito Edizioni, 2015). Blogger for Il Corriere della Sera, Il Fatto Quotidiano and Articolo21.

Salvatore Natoli
Professor of Theoretic Philosophy at the Università degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca, he recently dealt with the relationship between language and ethics.

He has taught Logics at the faculty of Literature and Philosophy of the University of Venice and Philosophy of Politics at the Faculty of Political Science at the Università degli Studi di Milano. He has worked with many magaszines, including"Prospettive Settanta", "Il centauro", "Democrazia e diritto", "Religione e società", "Bailamme" e "Metaxù".

Mordecai Paldiel
Israeli, the director of the Righteous Department at Yad Vashem (the Holocaust Memorial of Jerusalem) until recently, he now runs the "Special Projects" of the Wallenberg Foundation and teaches at the Yeshiva College (with the Yeshiva University) and at the Queens College (CUNY) of New York. He has long worked with Moshe Bejski who had ran Yad Vashem's Righteous Department for 30 years before him.

He wrote several books including The Path of the Righteous: Gentile Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust, Whosoever Saves One Life: The Uniqueness of the Righteous Among the Nations, Sheltering the Jews: Stories of Holocaust Rescuers and German Rescuers of Jews: Individuals versus the System. He has recently taken a stance in the international debate on the impossibility for the Jews to receive the title of "Righteous among the nations".

• Martin Palous
Ambassador, standing representative of the Czech Republic to the United Nations since July 2006, from 2001 to 2005 he was the Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the United States. He entered the Foreign Office of Czechoslowakya as an advisor of Minister Dienstbier and he was Foreign Minister from October 1990 to October 1992.  

After the splitting of Slowakya, he took on the same role of Foreign Minister for the Czech Republic in October 1998. He has taught in many American universities and at the Charles University in Prague. In 1993 he joined the Center for Threoretical Studies, a research center which depends jointly from the Charles University and the Czech Academy of Sciences, whose President is Ivan M. Havel.

Vittorio Emanuele Parsi
Full professor of International Relations at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. He is a member of the Group of Strategic Reflection of the Foreign Ministry, he is a partner of the Society for the Study of the Spreading of Democracy (Società per lo Studio della Diffusione della Democrazia, SSDD) and the President of the scientific committee of the foundation “Il Vicino Oriente” (the near East).

For nine years he has run the Master in Markets and Institutions of the Global System with the Alta Scuola di Economia e Relazioni Internazionali (ASERI) and since 2005 he has been the Program director of the Master in Economics and International Policies (a joint venture between ASERI and USI).
He is a member of the LSE IDEAS Advisory Board (Center for Diplomacy and Strategy at the London School of Economics). Since 2008 he has been an editorialist of the daily newspaper "La Stampa" and from 1999 to 2008 he has been a leading writer of International Politics of the daily "Avvenire".

Liliana Picciotto
In charge of research with the CDEC Foundation (Centre of Contemporary Jewish Documentation, Centro di Documentazione Ebraica Contemporanea). She wrote several books including I Giusti d’Italia. I non ebrei che salvarono gli ebrei 1943-1945 on the Italian Righteous among the nations and she co-authored the movie Memoria, a collection of interviews to the last survivors of the Auschwitz extermination camp.

She is a member of the scientific committee of the Fondazione Fossoli, of that of the Jewish Museum of Bologna and of the editing committee of the magazine "La Rassegna Mensile di Israel".

• Robert Satloff
American writer of Jewish descent, he is the executive director of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) and an expert of Arab and Islamic politics and of US policies towards the Middle East. In 2007 he published Among the Righteous. Lost stories from the Holocaust's Long Reach into Arab Lands.

In particular he deals with American politics, diplomacy, the peace process and democratization in the Middle East. The author and editor of nine among books and essays, his opinions on Middle East often appear in the main American newspapers including the "New York Times", "Wall Street Journal", "Washington Post" and "Los Angeles Times."

• Andrée Ruth Shammah
Producer, top exponent of Milan's cultural stage, in 1972, with actor Franco Parenti, Andrée Ruth Shammah founded the Salone Pier Lombardo (nowadays called Teatro Franco Parenti) in Milan, of which she's been the Project Manager since 1989.
The inventress of the "International Festival of Jewish Literature", she signed more than fifty productions and she is personally committed to the development of the town, by reviving its cultural panorama.

• Baruch Tenembaum 
Founder of the International Wallenberg Foundation, in the Sixties he was a pioneer of interreligious dialogue among Christians, Jews and Muslims. He was a promoter of the first visit of a Pope to Jerusalem and this is why in 1965 he was invited to the Vatican and welcome by Paul VI. 
For the same reason the Primate of Argentina awarded him with the Argentinian Church Prize, which was bestowed on a Jew for the first time in the country.

Umberto Veronesi
Surgeon and politician, he is the director of the European Institute of Oncology. He was Minister of Health in 2000 and he became the president of the Italy–USA Foundation Scientific Commettee in 2010.

Gariwo, the gardens of the Righteous

a non-profit organization in the service of memory

The Committee's aim is to heighten awareness and interest in the figures and the tales of the Righteous through public events, the use of the media, our Website and the social networks.
It has been active since 1999 but it was officially set up in 2001 as Gardens of the Righteous Worldwide Committee-Gariwo and in 2009 it became a non-profit organization. It is chaired by Gabriele Nissim.

Its activities are supported by an International Scientific Committee formed by prominent personalities.

Headquarters via G. Boccaccio, 47 - 20123 Milano - Italy
tel. +39 02 36707648
fax +39 02 36513811